By Jacob Kinsman
On April 12, 1912 the ‘unsinkable’ RMS Titanic departed Southampton, England for New York City, New York, but the early morning of April 15, 1912 the ship collided with an iceberg and sank.
The Titanic had been considered unsinkable because of its water compartment and funnel system. In the event of a hull breach, the compartments would seal, thus preventing the water from spreading throughout the ship. However, when the Titanic struck the iceberg, the opening in the hull was too large for the compartment system to compensate.
Over the course of a few hours the ship slowly sank. Of the 2,224 passengers and crew on board, only 1,514 survived the disaster. Passengers were split into three classes. During the sinking the ‘women and children first’ rule was instated so most of the casualties were men. While first-class passengers did drown, drastically larger numbers of second and third class passengers perished.