Hezbollah

By Tim Ballingall

1982 Arab-Israeli War

In June 1982, Shlomo Argov, the Israeli Ambassador to the UK, was shot in the head on a London street. He survived, though the event would be likened to the assassination of Prince Franz Ferdinand.

The attempted assassination was orchestrated by the Abu Nidal Organization, a terrorist nationalist group in Lebanon. Abu Nidal was formerly a member of the Palestinian Liberation Organization, or PLO, but after 1974, when its leader, Yasser Arafat suggested a diplomatic two-state, Arab-Israeli compromise, Nidal and other right-wingers broke from the PLO.

Three days after the attempted assassination, the Israel Defense Force invaded Lebanon. Retaliation was quickly exceeded when Ariel Sharon, Israel’s Minister of Defense, ordered troops into the Sabra and Shatila refugee camps.

In a three-day period, between 800 and 1,500 Palestinian citizens were massacred. The Kahan Commission, Human Rights Watch, and Amnesty International called for investigation.

The war would drag on for another eighteen years.

A Youth Movement

Hezbollah Flag

On February 16, 1982, just months before the IDF invasion, Shiek Ibrahim al-Amin published the Hezbollah manifesto, declaring the organization’s chief objective as the expulsion of the American, French, and Israeli presence in Lebanon.

Hezbollah, or Hizb Allah (“Party of God”), is a Lebanese Shia Muslim militant/political group backed by Iran and Syria. This group’s ideology has been strongly influenced by Ayatollah Khomeini, the former Supreme Leader of Iran. The original cadres of Hezbollah were trained by Iranian Revolutionary Guards.

The United States officially deems Hezbollah a terrorist organization. Britain and other European countries call for a slight distinction between the political center and the violent extremity. Political leaders like Hassan Nasrallah, the current Secretary General who assumed power following the assassination of Abbas al-Musawi on Feb. 16, 1992, though they do not directly participate, do indirectly support terrorism.

Adam Shatz of the New York Times says Hezbollah is much more than a guerrilla-warfare resistance movement:

“It is now a virtual state-within-a-state, with an army of several thousand men, an extensive social service network, a popular satellite television station called al-Manar (“the Beacon of Light”), and an annual budget in excess of $100 million.”

Hezbollah troops in Beirut, Jan. 2011.

And yet, Hezbollah organized the 1983 bombing of the US Marine barracks in Beirut which killed 241 servicemen, the 1985 hijacking of a TWA flight, and, allegedly, numerous kidnappings and assassinations of American citizens.

34 Days

The 2006 war between Israel and Lebanon began as a dispute over hostage exchange. Hezbollah had captured two Israeli soldiers to exchange for Hezbollah prisoners in Israeli jails. The fighting lasted through July and into August. The war proved devastating but with mixed-results as stated in the Encyclopedia of Activism and Social Justice:

“Besides the infrastructure destruction, Israel’s bombing killed an estimated 1,500 civilians, including women and children, with about 70 Hezbollah fighters killed. In return, Hezbollah killed approximately 43 Israeli civilians and 114 Iraeli soldiers. Almost a million Lebanese civilians were displaced, while about half a million Israeli citizens were displaced. Lebanon suffered an estimated $3 billion in damages, with Israel at an estimated $1 billion.”

For more information on Hezbollah, check out the Gale Virtual Reference Library, EBSCOhost, JSTOR, Oxford Islamic Studies Online, CQ Global Researcher, Films On Demand, and the Card Catalog.

1 Response to “Hezbollah”


  1. 1 Marietta May 28, 2014 at 6:27 am

    I take pleasure in, cause I found just what I was taking a look for.
    You have ended my four day long hunt! God Bless you man. Have a great day.
    Bye


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s




Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 96 other followers

Rohrbach Library

The Elusive Sea Cow Tweets

Rohrbach Library Tweets

  • Stop by the library for soup, bread, and water to fuel your body before you study! Kutztown University Health and... fb.me/1KjWXDtZ7 1 day ago
  • It's officially time to enter in our VIP Study Room Giveaway! Winners receive an exclusive study room stocked... fb.me/5k40cB6Uy 2 days ago

Archives

Categories

Blog Stats

  • 1,496,933 hits

Affiliates



Kutztown University is part of the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education.

%d bloggers like this: